Estudo da voz verbal em Kizómbò (H.16k)


Dr. Afonso Teca

Research Area:


Kizombo is a dialect of the Kikongo-Cluster spoken in the Northern part of Angola. In most theoretical approaches of the syntactic properties of voice, correspondences between the morphological changes of the verbal form and the modification of the syntactic argument scheme are stated, such as upgrading or downgrading, addition or suppression of arguments. Thus, the original subject (Agent) may be expressed by an optional phrase (such as a by-phrase in English), the verb form of the passive is changed in some way (like be+participle in English).

As for Kizombo, the following questions are asked: What are the morphological and syntactical manifestations of voice? How do valence and voice work interact? These are some of the main questions addressed in this project. As an example, we would like to understand how Kizombo uses the opposition between the active and the passive voice from a morpho-syntactic, semantic and discourse oriented point of view. In the same logic, we will also discuss functions of the middle, causative, applicative, reflexive and reciprocal voice in Kizombo. Although there is an extensive literature on Kikongo, mostly on phonology, morphology, or lexicon, we did not identify any linguistic work that discusses the verbal voice from a semantic and discourse oriented perspective in this language cluster. Thus, this project adds new aspects to the knowledge of Kizombo in particular and to Kikongo in general.