Development Policies (Governance and Conflict in Spaces of (Large-Scale) Extraction)
Hauptseminar, SWS: 2, lecture number: 00345
Mittwoch, 16-18; 301, Prieserstraße 2
In today’s globalised era, capitalism continues to be heavily reliant on the extraction of natural resources, including to feed the rapidly expanding “green economy”. Resource-rich African countries are therefore spaces of large-scale resource extraction, which includes industrial techniques for mining as well as artisanal and small-scale mining. Concern around resource-related conflict, human rights, and other global standards in these processes of extraction has led to a situation in which governance has increasingly involved national, international, and transnational actors and frameworks seeking to govern how this resource extraction takes place, and who benefits. Conflict dynamics around resource extraction take a number of forms, including disputed access to the minerals sought by multinational corporations and claimed by Congolese populations. This course will consider different theories and empirical evidence about why conflict occurs, and assess policy solutions that have attempted to address conflict. The course will focus on mineral resources in the Democratic Republic of Congo, but will also survey other country situations elsewhere in Africa as well as different types of natural resources, like land, for which large-scale extraction or land grabs are taking place.